Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student in Political Science, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of Political Geography, Department of Geography, Environment and Passive Defense, Internal Security Research Institute, Holy Defense Research Institute, Tehran, Iran


Religious democracy has emerged as a novel concept in the political and cultural space of our society and has presented itself as a political philosophy and a special and independent model of government, as opposed to political philosophies and alternative models of government, especially secularism and fundamentalism. The main claim of religious democracy in Iran is that without a purely materialistic view of customary, humanistic, individualistic and commercial principles; A popular government can be established, but based on religious values ​​and within the framework of divine commandments. In fact, the main point of the research is that so far no serious attempt has been made to compare the three types of alternative political systems (religious democracy, secularism and fundamentalism) in order to show their differences or possibly some similarities. In this article, using a descriptive-analytical method based on logical reasoning, we make a comparative comparison between religious democracy and secularism and fundamentalism in order to enumerate their differences and commonalities, components and indicators of democracy. Let us also explain religion.