Document Type : Original Article


PhD in Islamic Revolution, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


The most important schools of interest in developing countries, especially after World War II, are based on the liberal and socialist approaches, each of which has subdivisions in this area. Models based on the liberal approach rely on market economy, privatization, government non-interference in the economy, and the attraction of foreign capital and the development of exports. Socialist models also believe in government intervention and direction in the economy based on centralized government planning. On this basis, each of the post-revolutionary governments has chosen a specific model according to the specific conditions of that period. An important issue is the comparison of social justice with these patterns of development. In order to study this issue, the question is to what extent the development models in the governments after the Islamic Revolution have been successful in achieving social justice? The outcome of social justice in these states is determined by evaluating and comparing development indicators as well as social justice, such as poverty alleviation and deprivation, inflation rate, unemployment rate, economic growth and Gini coefficient. The present study intends to use the analytical-comparative method to examine and compare the extent of social justice in the development patterns of these states.