Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor of Political Science, Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi University, Boroujerd, Iran

2 Master of Political Science, Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi University, Boroujerd, Iran

Abstract

Although Shiites make up Iraq's largest demographic group, they have been isolated and excluded by the Ba'athist's centralist policies. The event of the Islamic Revolution of Iran had a profound effect on the Shiites of Iraq; And led to the creation of Shiite opposition and revolutionary organizations against the Ba'athist regime; Although this threat from the Ba'ath party intensified Ba'athist anti-Shiite policies, the Iraqi Shiite discourse in 1979 was able to be activated by the influence of the Iranian Islamic Revolution. The present study uses a descriptive-analytical method to answer the question of how the political power of the Iraqi Shiites has been transformed by the influence of the Islamic Revolution of Iran? The hypothesis that this article addresses is that "the Shiite movement in Iraq, inspired by the Islamic Revolution of Iran, was able to create a new discourse that led to the transformation of power in Iraq." The findings of the study indicate that the Iraqi Shiite movement emerged to break out of isolation and influence the three phases of the 1958 revolution, the defeat of the Ba'athist coup (1963) and the 1977 zero intifada; But the formation of the new Iraqi Shiite discourse was influenced by the Islamic Revolution of Iran through the activation of the Shiite clergy base and opposition groups.

Keywords