Document Type : Original Article


Postdoctoral Researcher in Political Science, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran


In Iran, when it comes to sanctions, everyone's mind is on international sanctions against the country's nuclear program. But the fact is that the Islamic Republic since 1979, has always been subject to various economic and military sanctions and diplomatic pressures of Western countries and the UN Security Council with different intensity and weakness. US sanctions against Iran began after the capture of its embassy in Tehran (November 1979) and have continued unabated to this day. US and other Western sanctions have been imposed on various pretexts, including the fight against terrorism, human rights abuses, illegal nuclear activities, the construction and launch of ballistic missiles, and Iran's military intervention in other countries. Assuming the exponential nature of US-centered international sanctions, this article uses a descriptive-analytical approach to answer the question of how "anti-Iranian sanctions" have been transformed from a sociological perspective. Findings show that international sanctions against Iran, using its military, security, political, geoeconomic and geocultural functions, have evolved over time.