Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Arak Branch, Arak, Iran


The present article examines and explains the socio-political participation of women in a comparative way. With this approach, that women are the actors and agents of society, general and specific goals can be considered for the article, which is one of the main goals of this article, answering questions about women's participation. The development of women's participation and the resulting developments over the past few decades have reproduced questions. In this study, using a library and documentary method and with an analytical-descriptive and inferential approach, the answers to the questions are tried to be analyzed based on the existing discourses. The results show that before the revolution, women's political participation was the result of discourses resulting from the conflict between the constitution and legitimacy (constitutionalism) or between tradition and modernity (Pahlavi), and after the revolution, the struggle between equality and inequality prevailed. Given the impact of ideology on the meaning and direction of discourse, with the change of ideology in the order from traditional to modern and then constructive and technocratic discourse, gradually more familiarity with citizenship rights and participation with serious demands and diversity of demands And provides the ground for a return to self and inner freedom and innovation and creativity.